Leaves are basal, 2 to 10 inches long and ½ to 1½ inches wide, usually wider at the tip end, deeply lobed with sharp triangular to lance-like lobes, often angled towards the base, and random irregular teeth on the edges. L. S2 - Typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it … Erythrosperma species are • small and delicate with highly dissected leaves. ex Bess.) It most readily differs by its reddish-brown seed bases, unlike the more olive colored seeds of T. officinale. Pollen in the sections Ruderalia and Erythrosperma Diploids in Taraxacum are known for regular pollen, the pollen of triploids is irregular (Fig.2a,b). These are readily distinguished by branched flowering stems, which are usually hairy and bear leaves. 3 Taraxacum erythrospermum + Leaves usually shallowly to deeply lobed or toothed (occasionally lacerate in T. officinale, then often some early leaves less deeply so), petioles narrowly to broadly winged; cypselae olive or olive-brown to tan, reddish brown, or grayish : 7: Typus:Lectotype not yet selected. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. S1 - Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in New York State. [39] Raw dandelion greens are 86% water, 9% carbohydrates, 3% protein, and 1% fat. [29], The Latin name Taraxacum originates in medieval Persian writings on pharmacy. Taraxacum erythrospermum (sin.Taraxacum austriacum), vrsta maslačka raširenog po Euroaziji.Raste i u Hrvatskoj.Pripada sekciji Erythrosperma. abstract composition in green and white. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. A perennial plant, its leaves grow back if the taproot is left intact. Dandelion plants, Taraxacum officianale and Taraxacum erythrospermum, are native to Europe and Asia and their leaves and roots are edible and have been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded history (Everitt et al., 2007; Richards, 1972; Longe, 2005). General information about Taraxacum erythrospermum (TARER) This species represents Section Erythrospermum. Erythrosperma, about 25% of diploids studied … The Indiana Plants Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. In the British Isles alone, 234 microspecies are recognised in nine loosely defined sections, of which 40 are "probably endemic".[7]. Taraxacum austriacum van Soest; Taraxacum austriacum var. [39], The raw flowers contain diverse phytochemicals, including polyphenols, such as flavonoids apigenin, isoquercitrin (a quercetin-like compound), and caffeic acid, as well as terpenoids, triterpenes, and sesquiterpenes. It is used around the world for its diuretic effect. Early leaves of Taraxacum erythrospermum sometimes may be broadly winged along the midvein, making distinction from T. officinale difficult; usually, its later leaves become more deeply lobed with time. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. [25] Fossil seeds of Taraxacum tanaiticum have been recorded from the Pliocene of southern Russia. Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. The latex produced exhibits the same quality as the natural rubber from rubber trees. ex Besser miêu tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1822. [39] A 100 gram (​3.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2oz) reference amount supplies 45 calories. Dandelion. Dandelions were once considered delicacies by the Victorian gentry, who used them mostly in salads and sandwiches. Sinonimi. The inner bracts are erect until the seeds mature, then flex downward to allow the seeds to disperse. Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion found in much of North America, but most commonly in the north. All parts of … Eionet; Network of the Heads of Environment Protection Agencies (EPA network) Loài này được Andrz. Dandelion is sometimes used as a salad green, and has limited traditional use in East Asian countries. Other plants with superficially similar flowers include hawkweeds (Hieracium) and hawksbeards (Crepis). They are tap-rooted biennial or perennial herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere of the Old World. [57] In December 2017, Linglong Group Co. Ltd., a Chinese company, invested $450 million into making commercially viable rubber from dandelions. No Michigan specimens from the 1800’s are known, but O. This species is very similar to, and often mistaken for, the common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. Its ground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative. 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