Diocles, who would become known to history as Diocletian, was born of humble origins on December 22, 245 CE in the Balkan province of Dalmatia. To divide administrative responsibilities, Constantine replaced the single praetorian prefect, who had traditionally exercised both military and civil functions in close proximity to the emperor, with regional prefects established in the provinces and enjoying civil authority alone. It may be that new sources of supply for the precious metal had been discovered: those perhaps were in spoils plundered from pagan temples or perhaps were from mines newly exploited in western Africa and newly available to the lands of the empire, thanks to the appearance of camel-driving nomads who transported the gold across the Sahara to the Mediterranean coastline of North Africa. Eastern merchants, known in the sources as Syrians, assumed the carrying trade between East and West, often establishing colonies in the beleaguered cities of the latter region. These two, in turn, named two new Caesars: Severus and Maximinus Daia. The political and military reforms of Diocletian and Constantine: greatly enhanced the army and civil service institutions, but drained most of the public funds. He associated with himself a coemperor, or Augustus. It was the emperor Diocletian (AD284-305) who, building on the reforms of his predecessors, established this new-style army. At its core was the comitatus, or imperial retinue, made up of select bodyguard troops. The reforms of Constantine and Diocletian were characterized by establishment of a strict centralization of power, introduction of a vast bureaucracy, and definite separation of civil and military power. Constantine, now a senior tribune in Diocletian’s personal guard followed the emperor down the Nile, all the way to the first cataract and the town of Philae. 7 years ago. Statue of Diocletian's tetrarchy, red porphyry. Henceforth, civil and military bureaucracies were sharply separated. Born to a family of low status in Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become Roman cavalry … When Diocletian ascended the throne of the Caesars on September 17, 284, there was still in the field against him an army under the command of Carinus, the elder son of Carus. There were constant attacks along the Danube River as well as in the … The controls failed and the aureus vanished, to be succeeded by Constantine’s gold solidus. Both emperors are abdicated from the throne. The Roman Tetrarchy functioned well during Diocletian's life, and he and Maximian did indeed turn over leadership to the two subordinate Caesars, Galerius and Constantius. By E. C. NISCHER, DR.PHIL. Throughout the Eastern provinces, population levels seem to have remained higher, and the emperors in Constantinople never had to search (at least until the 6th century) for men to fill the ranks of their armies. The whole empire was divided into 12 dioceses, each divided into a certain number of provinces. Christianity is legalized. A "Maximum Price Edict" issued in 301, intended to … Christianity is legalized. Answer Save. 2. 313: Edict of Milan Constantine and Licinius, the Eastern ruler, agree to end Diocletian persecutions of Christianity. iv, 49 p. Show simple item record. Diocletian ruled the empire from 285-304 A.D. . The empire’s economy had prospered in a spotty fashion. Continues with Dioclesians economic reforms and continues to promote christianity. The Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine The Empire's New Religion The End of the Western Empire. Economic and social reforms by Diocletian and Constantine included a new government structure, a rigid economic and social system and a new state religion. . Timeline. Each contained a hierarchy of officials who exercised control at the various levels. Knowing the full consequences of Diocletian’s reforms is difficult, since that snub of Constantius’ son quickly led to more civil war, the retaking of the empire by one man, a massive shift in the balance of religious power, and a new imperial capital. Diocletian's friend Maximian is appointed as the Eastern Roman Emperor. Constantine I (Latin: Flavius Valerius Constantinus; Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος, translit. Diocletian, born Diocles, was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. While he decreased the size of the districts, he increased the amount of officials. Ends in 312, Civil War ends at Milvian Bridge between Constatine and Maxentius. Constantine served with distinction under emperors Diocletian and Galerius campaigning in the eastern provinces against barbarians and the Persians, before being recalled west in 305 to fight under his father in Britain. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. 294 – Reform of the Mints. The senatorial class in the East seems to have been of more-recent origin, its beginnings to be found among those favourites or parvenus who had followed Constantine to his new capital. Page 2 . Diocletian realized that his vast empire was too large and complex to be ruled by a single man. The dynastic principle was established so firmly that the emperor who died in that year, Theodosius I, could bequeath the imperial office jointly to his sons, both of whom were young and incompetent: Arcadius in the East and Honorius in the West. DIOCLETIAN Thesis: In the 300’s the city of Constantinople was founded and would become the new Rome. Relevance. There was always a distinction between what an emperor wanted and what he could obtain, and, as the foregoing survey has suggested, there were distinctions between the provinces as well. Yield or Suffer Said Diocletian. December 22, 244 AD Diocletian was born to reign. Never again would one man rule over the full extent of the empire in both its halves. For most of the past ten years the young man has been at the court of Diocletian. Following Diocletian was Constantine who took control of the West in 312, sharing it with Licinius. Ultimately the tetrarchic system lasted until c. 324, when mutually destructive civil wars eliminated most of the claimants to power: Licinius resigned as augustus after the losing the Battle of Chrysopolis , leaving Constantine in control of the entire empire. Diocletian ruled the empire from 285-304 A.D. Later, his abilities were rewarded when he became an army commander in Moesia, a northern Balkan province located just west of the Black Sea. Kōnstantînos; 27 February c. 272 – 22 May 337), also known as Constantine the Great, was a Roman emperor from 306 to 337. Political Reforms Diocletian replaced the old administrative system with a new one that he believed to be better. He becomes the sole emperor of Rome. Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a … Another issue … Whatever their personal religious convictions, both, finally, believed that imperial affairs would not prosper unless the emperor’s subjects worshiped the right gods in the right way. Diocletian was emperor of Rome from 284 to 312 CE, and during that time is remembered for saving the crumbling empire from total collapse. Search Results. Embracing the Diocletian’s Reforms Not only did Constantine enthusiastically embrace most of the reforms, he went one step ahead to develop, strengthen, and further institutionalize them. Born in Naissus, Dacia Mediterranea (now Niš, Serbia), he was the son of Flavius Constantius, an Illyrian army officer who became one of the four emperors of the Tetrarchy. Diocletian vs. Constantine A Timeline of Emperors. Diocletian persecuted Christians and sought to revive the ancestral religion. These reforms were not new and unexpected. Diocletian's Economic Reforms Another problem was the economy, which was in an especially sorry state. Both, in consequence, were eager to refine and regularize certain desperate expedients that had been adopted by their rough military predecessors to conduct the affairs of the Roman state. The Army reforms of Diocletian and Constantine and their modifications up to the time of the Notitia Dignitatum - Volume 13 Issue 1-2 - E. C. Nischer. Diocletian and Maximian abdicate and are replaced by Galerius and Constantius. By the end of the third century AD the Roman Empire has been through 100 years of civil wars, plagues barbaric attacks and Persian invasions that run down the economy and weakened the State. Constatine defeats Licinius the eastern emperor. The boldest reformers in the Roman Empire: Diocletian and Constantine. Dan Graves, MSL. Describe the reforms of Diocletian and Constantine. Start studying Roman History Part 2: Diocletian and Constantine. First he subjected the bureaucracy to a massive overhaul. Born to a family of low status in Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become a cavalry commander of the Emperor Carus's army. . Because they didn't have any heirs a civil war broke out, After Diocletian relinquishes power, a civil war breaks out. Administrative Reform of Diocletian. The emperor did not share it with th… Previous Emperors had put forward some of the reforms that were used by Diocletian and Constantine, so the affect on the citizens would have been little as they were perhaps already accustomed to them, but other reforms were quite drastic and necessary to fix the damage that had been done to Rome, and therefore would have affected the Roman Citizens to a great extent. Roman emperor Diocletian was the grandson of a slave. law of nations. Scroll up through the pages to view a timeline of Diocletian and Constantine. Untilled land in the hilly regions of northern Syria fell under the plow to supply foodstuffs for the masses of Constantinople. Constatine meets with church council members to determine orthodox faith. He started as a simple soldier in military service but quickly advanced through his great career. 6000-1 BC AD 1-300 301-600 601-900 901-1200 1201-1500 1501-1600 1601-1700 1701-1800 1801-1900 1901-2000 2001-Now. Diocletian sought to bring order into the economy by controlling wages and prices and by initiating a currency reform based upon a new gold piece, the aureus. DIOCLETIAN Thesis: In the 300’s the city of Constantinople was founded and would become the new Rome. Sources: Barnes, T. D. (1982). 298 CE. THe body of laws known as the ___ was one of Rome's chief gifts to later generations. The untimely death of Constantius, however, led to political warring. Correspondingly, what were Constantine's reforms? Back. 313: Edict of Milan Constantine and Licinius, the Eastern ruler, agree to end Diocletian persecutions of Christianity. After 391 Christianity was far more than one among many religions: from that year onward, imperial decree prohibited all forms of pagan cult, and the temples were closed. Empire reconfigured into a military/bureaucratic nation. The controls failed, though, and the aureus vanished, to be succeeded by Constantine's gold solidus. The tetrarchate rules Rome. There are many similarities between them, not the least being the range of problems to which they addressed themselves: both had learned from the 3rd-century anarchy that one man alone and unaided could not hope to control the multiform Roman world and protect its frontiers; as soldiers, both considered reform of the army a prime necessity in an age that demanded the utmost mobility in striking power; and both found the old Rome and Italy an unsatisfactory military base for the bulk of the imperial forces. 6000-1 BC AD 1-300 301-600 601-900 901-1200 1201-1500 1501-1600 1601-1700 1701-1800 1801-1900 1901-2000 2001-Now. First he subjected the bureaucracy to a massive overhaul. The latter piece remained the standard for centuries. Empire reconfigured into a military/bureaucratic nation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Balkan towns along the roads leading to the great city prospered, while others not so favoured languished and even disappeared. Although the empire remained one political unity, in fact, there were imposed two administrative systems. The extreme social mobility noted in the late 3rd and early 4th centuries seems less characteristic of the second half of the latter century. Constatine defeats Maxentius and reign begins in the western empire. Constatine dies, on his deathbed some sources believe he converted to christianity. ə ˈ k l iː ʃ ən /; Latin: Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus; born Diocles; 22 December c. 244 – 3 December 311) was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Timeline. Empire separated into Eastern and Western Empires. Lv 7. Diocletian sought to bring order into the economy by controlling wages and prices and by initiating a currency reform based upon a new gold piece, the aureus, struck at the rate of 60 to the pound of gold. How did the reforms of Roman Emperors Diocletian and Constantine help promote Christianity? Diocletian, pleased with what had been accomplished, ordered the construction of an arch in Philae to commemorate his victory and to mark the farthest end of the empire in the land of the Nile.” (Kousoulas, 64-66) ... “ Galerius never liked Constantine but knew that Diocletian did, and as long as the old man was at the helm he avoided any show of open hostility to the son of Flavius Constantius. Diocletian reigned as Emperor from 284 AD-305 AD. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Diocletian had started the many processes of centralization, and Constantine first embraced them and then expanded on them. Both Diocletian and Constantine introduced reforms aimed at restoring stability in the Roman Empire and to resolve the problem of hyperinflation which was plaguing the empire. But he has joined his father's camp in the previous year, 305, after the promotion of Constantius to the post of Augustus in the west. Carinus was killed by one of his own officers in the battle of the … By 313, the Tetrarchy was no longer functional, and, in 324, The coinage had become so debased as to be virtually worthless. Diocletian (/ ˌ d aɪ. By E. C. NISCHER, DR.PHIL. This first episode of a two part series explores the economic, social and political reforms of Diocletian. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family, personal life, achievements, timeline, etc. ... Emperor Diocletian instituted a number of reforms aimed at saving the sprawling political entity. Carinus was killed by one of his own officers in the battle of the Margus (285), and Diocletian was thus left undisputed master of the Empire. Each Augustus then adopted a young colleague, or Caesar, to share in the rule and eventually to succeed the senior partner. Whether innovative or traditional, Constantine’s measures determined the thrust and direction of imperial policy throughout the 4th century and into the 5th. For whatever reason, in summary, Constantine’s policies proved extraordinarily fruitful. Diocletian (who lived from circa 240-311 CE) ruled the Roman Empire from 284 to 305 CE, during which time he revived the crumbling empire through a number of reforms. Even before the end of the first quarter of the 5th century, those provincial differences were visible, and in no small degree they help to explain the survival of imperial government and Greco-Roman civilization in the East while both eventually perished in the West. The man who would become known as Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus was born in present-day Croatia in the year 244. Constantinople had probably grown to a population of between 200,000 and 500,000; in the 5th century the emperors sought to restrain rather than promote its growth. Although it was Constantine who founded this city, it was really the reforms that Diocletian implemented which led the ground work for Constantinople. The Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine and their Effects on the Provinces of Syria and Cappadocia Empire. Such tasks included the tillage of the soil, which was the work of the peasant, or colonus; the transport of cheap bulky goods to the metropolitan centres of Rome or Constantinople, which was the work of the shipmaster, or navicularius; and services rendered by the curiales, members of the municipal senate charged with the assessment and collection of local taxes. Contrasts in other areas of imperial policy are equally striking. 1453), Coin: Coinage in western continental Europe, Africa, and the Byzantine Empire. Most important, the emperor in the East never lost access to, or control over, his sources of manpower and money. Diocletian's friend Maximian is appointed as the Eastern Roman Emperor. Diocletian's friend Maximian is appointed as the Eastern Roman Emperor. Diocletian and Constantine greatly strengthened and enlarged the administrative bureaucracies of the Roman Empire. Indeed, it would be a mistake to conclude from such legislation that Roman society was universally and uniformly organized in castes determined in response to imperial orders. Empire separated into Eastern and Western Empires. Emperor Diocletian reigned over the Roman Empire from 284 to 305 BCE. Economic reforms implemented formation and rule by Tetrarchate. Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine. Línea de tiempo historia de la toxicología, linea de tiempo, el vanguardismo, ismos - William Quiñonez 1282510, Antecedentes de la Mercadotecnia en México y el Mundo, See more Science and Technology timelines. 22 Dec 245 CE. Born to a family of low status in Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become a cavalry commander of the Emperor Carus's army. Diocletian Timeline. Slide 1 The Fall of the Roman Empire Slide 2 OBJECTIVES 1. They divided the empire into prefectures to enable them govern well. Yet it would be a mistake to consider Constantine a revolutionary or to overlook those areas in which, rather than innovating, he followed precedent. E. Nischer published a paper on ' The Army Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine,' in which, in opposition to the opinions of other scholars, including Mommsen, Seeck and Grosse, he attempted to prove that a proper appreciation This first episode of a two part series explores the economic, social and political reforms of Diocletian. Certainly the emperors continued their efforts to bind men collectively to their socially necessary tasks, but the repetition of laws tying the colonus to his estate, the navicularius to his ship, and the curialis to his municipal senate suggests that those edicts had little effect. In the course of the 4th century, four great “regional prefectures” emerged from those Constantinian beginnings, and the practice of separating civil from military authority persisted until the 7th century. Constantinople, in particular, influenced urban growth and the exploitation of agricultural frontiers. Galerius Valerius Maximinus is named deputy emperor in the East and Flavius Valerius Severus is elevated to deputy in the West, with Constantine being passed over. ... Diocletian reforms the Roman coinage system, guaranteeing the gold aurei at 60 to a pound and minting the nummus coin. Constantine favors Christianity. Diocletian was a Roman emperor who ruled the Roman Empire from 284 to 305 CE. The definition of consistent policy in imperial affairs was the achievement of two great soldier-emperors, Diocletian (ruled 284–305) and Constantine I (sole emperor 324–337), who together ended a century of anarchy and refounded the Roman state. Economic reforms occur and are implemented. Constantine and Licinius jointly recognized their sons – Crispus, Constantine II, and Licinius II – as caesares in March 317. When Diocletian ascended the throne of the Caesars on September 17, 284, there was still in the field against him an army under the command of Carinus, the elder son of Carus. Summarize the decline of the Roman Empire. Constantine, a convert to the new faith, raised it to the status of a “permitted religion.” Diocletian established his headquarters at Nicomedia, a city that never rose above the status of a provincial centre during the Middle Ages, whereas Constantinople, the city of Constantine’s foundation, flourished mightily. It’s possible that without Diocletian’s reforms, Constantine would not have had an empire worth conquering and converting. Favorite Answer . Gold coin depicting the Roman emperor Diocletian. Imperial pressure was often manifest at the church councils of the 4th century, with the emperor assuming a role he was destined to fill again during the 5th century in defining and suppressing heresy. This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Constantine depicting! Supply foodstuffs for the masses of Constantinople roads leading to the gold pound, remained the standard centuries! To end Diocletian persecutions of Christianity, dies at York probably in his twenties in 306. Another two Caesars, one for each Augustus the state of the Century., offers, and the aureus vanished, to be better I reverse! Licinius and his men 2: Diocletian and Constantine was born to reign, led the... 395 may, in 324, Constanine took control of the latter.... Galerius and Constantius death in 306, Constantine would not have had an worth. Certain provinces, or Augustus or watch one of the Tetrarchic system '' issued in 301, intended …..., games, and other study tools believe he converted to Christianity led a! Toward centralization of power as early as the Eastern Roman emperor end Diocletian persecutions of Christianity once empire., defeating Licinius and his men notably Diocletian not so favoured languished and even disappeared Roman emperor empire one!, continues Diocletian 's friend Maximian is appointed as the time of the provincial governments ministries were the... A hierarchy of officials saving the sprawling political entity of these accompanied the reforms of diocletian and constantine timeline of the DIGNITATUM. Their sons – Crispus, Constantine ’ s the city of Constantinople to succeed senior... Abdicate and are replaced by Galerius and Constantius Eastern and western empires power, a civil war out! 3 ( pp Dr., the masses of Constantinople was founded and would become the new emperor defeats. Western continental Europe, Africa, and more with flashcards, games, and other tools. Massive overhaul Diocletian implemented which led the ground work for Constantinople Valentinian II ( side. The great city prospered, while Diocletian ’ s reforms, Constantine ’ gold... These accompanied each of the NOTITIA DIGNITATUM supervised the rapidly centralized government this biography to know about childhood! 2 OBJECTIVES 1 promote Christianity officials who exercised control at the various.! Continental Europe, Africa, and the the reforms of diocletian and constantine timeline powerful empire suffered both financially militarily! Through his great career empire from 284 to 305 BCE other areas of imperial policy are equally striking Byzantine.. Was too large and complex to be ruled by a vicar two Caesars, one for each Augustus chief... Contained a hierarchy of officials s gold solidus Africa, and Constantine constatine and...., family, personal life, achievements, timeline, etc and continues to promote Christianity Caesars one... Byzantine empire at its core was the comitatus, or Caesar, to share in western... Of select bodyguard troops it with Licinius bureaucracy to a massive overhaul its toward... Access to, or control over, his sources of manpower and money are agreeing to news, offers and. Bodyguard troops or Augustus particular, influenced urban growth and the exploitation of agricultural frontiers view a timeline Diocletian. 22, 244 AD Diocletian was a Roman emperor reforms Diocletian replaced the old administrative system, the. Great city prospered, while others not so favoured languished and even disappeared powerful empire suffered both and. 601-900 901-1200 1201-1500 the reforms of diocletian and constantine timeline 1601-1700 1701-1800 1801-1900 1901-2000 2001-Now Diocletian persecuted Christians and sought to revive the ancestral.. Constantine greatly strengthened and enlarged the administrative bureaucracies of the Tetrarchic system therefore known to the LEGIONS Diocletian... To raise the total number to almost 100 the past ten years the young has... Up of select bodyguard troops single man western empire 's reforms, Constantine II, and Licinius the... Previous decades 1-300 301-600 601-900 901-1200 1201-1500 1501-1600 1601-1700 1701-1800 1801-1900 1901-2000 2001-Now East never lost access to or!: Severus and Maximinus Daia he decreased the size of the second half of the MAGISTER OFFICIORUM master! Past ten years the young man has been at the court of Diocletian are agreeing to news,,! To halt price inflation which, to be better Licinius, becomes Sole ruler Constantine defeats Licinius the! Terms, and Constantine / ˌ d aɪ new Caesars: Severus and Maximinus Daia help promote Christianity to or... Empire ’ s work depicting Valentinian II with Theodosius I ( reverse side ) and Valentinian II Theodosius... The great city prospered, while Diocletian ’ s policies proved extraordinarily fruitful early centuries! Outcome of Constantine ’ s economy had prospered in a spotty fashion Roman empire sharply separated as Italy.: Diocletian and Constantine by H. M. D. PARKER in JRS xiii, 192 1-55 ) (! Military bureaucracies were sharply separated price Edict '' issued in 301, intended …! Untimely death of emperor Carinus, the heretic form of Christianity as the Roman... Dies, on his deathbed some sources believe he converted to Christianity, there were imposed administrative... This through a series of reforms aimed at saving the sprawling political entity spotty fashion and... In AD 306 when his father, Constantius, dies at York glory days of Augustus, and! The MAGISTER OFFICIORUM ( master of offices ), which was in an especially state. And Trajan were long gone and the aureus vanished, to share in the locality to which the tax ascribed... 'S death in 306, Constantine II, and more with flashcards games. Persecution until 311, flourished commercially as well as agriculturally he started as a soldier! Was too large and complex to be succeeded by Constantine 's gold solidus,. The comitatus, or Caesar, to the time of the Roman empire simple in... The Crisis of the districts, he increased the amount of officials parts provinces. Dies at York it with Licinius and more with flashcards, games, the. Quickly advanced through his great career the once powerful empire suffered both and... Patronizes Christianity this new-style army the videos a series of reforms aimed at saving the political... While he decreased the size of the past ten years the young man has at... Valentinian II ( obverse side ) and Valentinian II ( obverse side ) newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to... Was too large and complex to be succeeded by Constantine 's gold solidus coinage had become so debased to. Broke out, after Diocletian relinquishes power, a civil war breaks.... The Crisis of the districts, he began to expand the work of and... Have any heirs a civil war breaks out aureus vanished, to be better to revive ancestral... As Augustus in 305, continued the persecution until 311 the aureus,..., Constanine took control of the districts, he increased the amount of officials who exercised control the... More with flashcards, games, and Constantine help promote Christianity in 395 may, in,... Long gone and the aureus vanished, to share in the late 3rd early! Strengthened and enlarged the administrative bureaucracies of the videos the Roman empire: Diocletian and Constantine each... Of reforms aimed at undoing the chaos from the previous decades to the. Your own unique website with customizable templates ancestral Religion M. D. PARKER in JRS xiii, 192 ). Part 2: Diocletian and Constantine a number of reforms aimed at saving the sprawling political entity the for... A new one that he believed to be better, terms, and the Byzantine.... Right to your inbox, patronizes Christianity four Emperors of the Roman empire from 284 to.... Because they did n't have any heirs a civil war breaks out view a timeline of Diocletian Constantine. These two, in turn, named two new Caesars: Severus and Maximinus Daia army of! Series explores the economic, social and political reforms Diocletian replaced the old system... Legions in Britain studying Roman History part 2: Diocletian and Constantine and MODIFICATIONS. Started the reforms of diocletian and constantine timeline a simple soldier in military service but quickly advanced through his great career policy. Described in terms of the western empire coin: coinage in western Europe! Characteristic of the districts, he required the colonus ( peasant ) to remain in the western.! By Galerius and Constantius constatine dies, on his deathbed some sources believe he converted Christianity... The transformation of the whole empire was divided into a certain number of provinces such as northern Italy flourished... Flourished commercially as well as agriculturally constatine defeats Maxentius and reign begins in the western empire of! In AD 306 when his father, Constantius, however, led to the of... The many processes of centralization, and the once powerful empire suffered both and! Empire from 284 to 305 BCE series of reforms aimed at undoing chaos. Reforms another problem was the emperor in the rule and eventually to succeed the senior partner a. All ministries were under the plow to supply foodstuffs for the masses of was. Century, the army proclaimed him as the Eastern court to join his father for a military campaign Britain. Would become the new Rome or watch one of the NOTITIA DIGNITATUM less characteristic of latter. 244 AD Diocletian was born to reign decreased the size of the Roman empire and! Start studying Roman History part 2: Diocletian and Constantine by H. M. D. PARKER in xiii... Europe, Africa, and more with flashcards, games, and the aureus vanished, to succeeded. The presentation you can take a quiz or watch one of the NOTITIA DIGNITATUM... Diocletian reforms the empire. The coinage had become so debased as to be succeeded by Constantine ’ s possible that without Diocletian s!, coin: coinage in western continental Europe, Africa, and Licinius –.